To determine the prevalence of domestic violence against mothers in a pediatric emergency department and the relationship of their children to the abusers.
Cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of mothers seeking treatment for their children.
An urban pediatric emergency department.
A total of 157 mothers with children<3 years of age.
Women were excluded if older children or partners were present.
A total of 52% of women reported histories of adult physical abuse, 21% reported adult sexual abuse, and 28% reported childhood sexual abuse.
A total of 10% of women were in abusive relationships in the past year.
Victims of adult physical abuse were more likely to report histories of adult sexual abuse (relative risk [RR] : 4.93) or childhood sexual abuse (RR : 3.13).
Intimate partners perpetrated 67% of physical abuse and 55% of sexual abuse.
Relatives perpetrated 66% of childhood sexual abuse.
Women who revealed histories of childhood sexual abuse were more likely to report adult sexual abuse (RR : 4.93).
A total of 40% of the perpetrators of adult physical abuse, 73% of the perpetrators of past year physical abuse, and 10% of the perpetrators of adult sexual abuse had regular contact with their victims'children.
Health care providers screened only 21% of the women for past violence.
Victims of domestic violence were no more likely to have been screened than those without histories of physical or sexual abuse. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Prévalence, Victimologie, Violence, Abus sexuel, Homme, Mère, Femelle, Etude transversale, Milieu urbain, Relation parent enfant, Recommandation, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Prevalence, Victimology, Violence, Sexual abuse, Human, Mother, Female, Cross sectional study, Urban environment, Parent child relation, Recommendation, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0270804
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 16/11/1999.