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  1. Mothers with histories of domestic violence in a pediatric emergency department.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To determine the prevalence of domestic violence against mothers in a pediatric emergency department and the relationship of their children to the abusers.

    Design

    Cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of mothers seeking treatment for their children.

    Setting

    An urban pediatric emergency department.

    Participants

    A total of 157 mothers with children<3 years of age.

    Women were excluded if older children or partners were present.

    Results

    A total of 52% of women reported histories of adult physical abuse, 21% reported adult sexual abuse, and 28% reported childhood sexual abuse.

    A total of 10% of women were in abusive relationships in the past year.

    Victims of adult physical abuse were more likely to report histories of adult sexual abuse (relative risk [RR] : 4.93) or childhood sexual abuse (RR : 3.13).

    Intimate partners perpetrated 67% of physical abuse and 55% of sexual abuse.

    Relatives perpetrated 66% of childhood sexual abuse.

    Women who revealed histories of childhood sexual abuse were more likely to report adult sexual abuse (RR : 4.93).

    A total of 40% of the perpetrators of adult physical abuse, 73% of the perpetrators of past year physical abuse, and 10% of the perpetrators of adult sexual abuse had regular contact with their victims'children.

    Health care providers screened only 21% of the women for past violence.

    Victims of domestic violence were no more likely to have been screened than those without histories of physical or sexual abuse. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Evaluation, Prévalence, Victimologie, Violence, Abus sexuel, Homme, Mère, Femelle, Etude transversale, Milieu urbain, Relation parent enfant, Recommandation, Prévention

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Evaluation, Prevalence, Victimology, Violence, Sexual abuse, Human, Mother, Female, Cross sectional study, Urban environment, Parent child relation, Recommendation, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0270804

    Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 16/11/1999.