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  1. Fulltext. Impairment of Health and quality of life using new us federal guidelines for the identification of obesity.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Background 

    Estimating total burdens of disease associated with overweight and obesity has been hampered by a lack of consistent published data using standardized body mass index (BMI or Quetelet index [calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters : weight (kg)/{height. (m) 2}]) diagnostic criteria, and by poorly standardized reference populations.

    Subjects and Methods 

    Symptoms of respiratory insufficiency, low back pain, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk factors, and physical functioning using SF-36 questionnaire were determined in a cross-sectional representative survey of 5887 men and 7018 women aged 20 to 59 years from the Netherlands and analyzed using BMI criteria of the National Institutes of Health and the World Health Organization guidelines.

    Results 

    The prevalences of cardiovascular risks were higher in men than women, but the other health outcomes were more frequent in women.

    Virtually all health outcomes considered were significantly influenced by BMI.

    A BMI of 25 to 30 kg/m2 had a generally greater impact on odds ratios for health outcomes in women than in men.

    People with BMI below 25 kg/m2 were considered the reference group, with low prevalence of symptoms of obesity-related diseases and good quality of life.

    Between 25 to 30 kg/m2, the prevalences of these were all increased, and above 30 kg/m2 greatly increased. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Prévalence, Symptomatologie, Indice masse corporelle, Facteur risque, Qualité vie, Santé, Diminution, Analyse statistique, Cardiopathie, Revue bibliographique, Article synthèse, Guide pratique, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition, Métabolisme, Prévention, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Prevalence, Symptomatology, Body mass index, Risk factor, Quality of life, Health, Decrease, Statistical analysis, Heart disease, Bibliographic review, Review, Handbook, Human, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder, Metabolism, Prevention, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0269919

    Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 16/11/1999.