Clustered randomised trial of an intervention to improve the management of asthma : Greenwich asthma study.
Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of an asthma resource centre in improving treatment and quality of life for asthmatic patients.
Design Community based randomised controlled trial.
Setting 41 general practices in Greenwich with a practice nurse.
Subjects All registered patients aged 15-50 years.
Intervention Nurse specialists in asthma who educated and supported practice nurses, who in turn educated patients in the management of asthma according to the British Thoracic Society's guidelines.
Main outcome measures Quality of life of asthmatic patients, attendance at accident and emergency departments, admissions to local hospitals, and steroid prescribing by general practitioners.
Results Of 24 400 patients randomly selected and surveyed in 1993,12 238 replied ; 1621 were asthmatic of whom 1291 were sent a repeat questionnaire in 1996 and 780 replied.
Of 24 400 patients newly surveyed in 1996,10 783 (1616 asthmatic) replied.
No evidence was found for an improvement in asthma related quality of life among newly surveyed patients in intervention practices compared with control practices.
Neither was there evidence of an improvement in other measures of the quality of asthma care.
Weak evidence was found for an improvement in quality of life in intervention practices among asthmatics registered with study practices in 1993 and followed up in 1996. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Education santé, Recommandation, Malade, Etude comparative, Qualité vie, Conduite à tenir, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Health education, Recommendation, Patient, Comparative study, Quality of life, Clinical management, United Kingdom, Europe, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0269859
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.