To learn the prevalence of epilepsy in Silivri, a western town of Turkey, a randomized door-to-door survey was conducted using a standard questionnaire.
The method of the study was adopted from the suggestions of the World Health Organization (WHO) for prevalence studies in developing countries, and the criteria were derived from Guidelines for Epidemiologic Studies on Epilepsy proposed by the Commission on Epidemiology and Prognosis, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) 1993.
From June I to October 1,1994,4,803 people out of a total population of 70,394 were surveyed.
The questionnaire, which was administered by practitioners and intern doctors, consisted of 15 questions, with a sensitivity of 99.9% and a specificity of 76%. After the survey, neurologists examined all of the 415 people suspected of having epilepsy and classified the seizures of the active cases.
Of the 415 suspected cases, 49 people (24 women, 25 men) were determined as having epilepsy on the assessment day of October 1,1994.
The crude point prevalence of active epilepsy was 10.2 of 1,000 for the region.
The prevalence of active epilepsy among women was 10.01 of 1,000 and among men was 10.39 of 1,000.
Of the 49 cases, 40.8% had generalized seizures, 53.1% had partial onset seizures, and 6.1% could not be classified.
Only 7.7% of the cases with partial onset seizures were defined as probable symptomatic cases. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epilepsie, Type, Turquie, Asie, Zone rurale, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epilepsy, Type, Turkey, Asia, Rural area, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0260138
Code Inist : 002B17A03. Création : 16/11/1999.