Conference "Childhood and Adolescent Obesity : Prevention and Treatment". Minneapolis, MN, USA, 1997/05.
Schools have the potential to make valuable contributions to both the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.
This article reviews the research on school-based interventions to prevent and treat obesity.
A literature search from 1965 to the present on school-based treatment of obesity, identified 11 controlled experimental studies.
The results show positive, though modest short-term results.
Relatively few primary prevention research studies, targeted specifically to preventing obesity, have been conducted.
Therefore, efficacy has not been established.
Both primary and secondary obesity interventions have a role in schools.
A comprehensive, integrated model for school-based obesity prevention is presented.
This model, building upon the comprehensive school health program model, consists of eight interacting components :
health instruction ;
health services ;
school environment ;
food service ;
school-site health promotion for faculty and staff ;
social support services ;
physical education classes ;
and integrated and linked family and community health promotion efforts.
While multi-faceted community-wide efforts are needed to address the growing problem of obesity, schools are in a unique position to play a pivotal role in promoting healthy lifestyles and helping to prevent obesity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Prévention, Traitement, Milieu scolaire, Etude expérimentale, Evaluation projet, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Child, Human, Adolescent, Prevention, Treatment, School environment, Experimental study, Project evaluation, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0258894
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.