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  1. School-based approaches for preventing and treating obesity.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Conference "Childhood and Adolescent Obesity : Prevention and Treatment". Minneapolis, MN, USA, 1997/05.

    Schools have the potential to make valuable contributions to both the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.

    This article reviews the research on school-based interventions to prevent and treat obesity.

    A literature search from 1965 to the present on school-based treatment of obesity, identified 11 controlled experimental studies.

    The results show positive, though modest short-term results.

    Relatively few primary prevention research studies, targeted specifically to preventing obesity, have been conducted.

    Therefore, efficacy has not been established.

    Both primary and secondary obesity interventions have a role in schools.

    A comprehensive, integrated model for school-based obesity prevention is presented.

    This model, building upon the comprehensive school health program model, consists of eight interacting components :

    • health instruction ;

    • health services ;

    • school environment ;

    • food service ;

    • school-site health promotion for faculty and staff ;

    • social support services ;

    • physical education classes ;

    • and integrated and linked family and community health promotion efforts.

    While multi-faceted community-wide efforts are needed to address the growing problem of obesity, schools are in a unique position to play a pivotal role in promoting healthy lifestyles and helping to prevent obesity.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Prévention, Traitement, Milieu scolaire, Etude expérimentale, Evaluation projet, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Child, Human, Adolescent, Prevention, Treatment, School environment, Experimental study, Project evaluation, United States, North America, America, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0258894

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.