The aim of this paper is to report on the presence of chemical interferences in the quantitation of methylated arsenic species in human urine when using a method based on selective volatile arsine species generation, chromatographic separation, and hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HGAAS) detection.
An abnormal profile of methylated arsenic species characterized by the absence of the peak corresponding to dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) was observed in urine from some individuals exposed to arsenic via drinking water and living in rural communities of northwestern Argentina.
The absence of this peak persisted even after the addition of known amounts of DMA to the samples.
However, the DMA peak appeared after urine digestion with hydrochloric acid (2M).
Samples showing interferences were provided by individuals who had mate consumption and coca-leaf chewing habits.
Because the relative proportions of methylated arsenic species present in urine have been used to evaluate the efficiency of the methylation process, interferences in the formation or detection of methylarsines may cause underestimation of As exposure and also lead to erroneous conclusions about relative biomethylation efficiencies.
Therefore, we recommend that urine samples should be digested with 2M HCI before performing speciation analysis using HGAA techniques.
Further studies on the impact of this type of interferences on other arsenic speciation methods are also required.
Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse chimique, Analyse quantitative, Spéciation, Arsenic Composé, Liquide biologique, Urine, Homme, Surveillance biologique, Zone rurale, Argentine, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Interférence, Dérivatisation, Méthylation, Chromatographie phase gazeuse, Spectrométrie absorption atomique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemical analysis, Quantitative analysis, Speciation, Arsenic Compounds, Biological fluid, Urine, Human, Biological monitoring, Rural area, Argentina, South America, America, Interference, Derivatization, Methylation, Gas chromatography, Atomic absorption spectrometry
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0257980
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 16/11/1999.