The terminology used to refer to persons with disability may both reflect and influence attitudes towards them.
Negative references may perpetuate negative attitudes and stereotypes.
This is of particular importance in the mass media which reaches a broad spectrum of the population.
This study looked at disability terminology used in major newspapers in Canada and Israel.
It focused on the nature of that terminology and whether its use was related to other factors, such as the disability model reflected in the article, the content of the article (e.g. attributes of the disabled person) and its context (e.g. type of newspaper, feature versus news items).
Overall, the use of inappropriate terminology of varying types was quite prevalent in both countries.
In addition, in Canada there were a considerable number of articles which had no direct reference to the disability.
In general, the terminology used was considerably more positive in articles dealing with individual persons with disabilities (as opposed to groups), with disabled children and with problems of mobility and rights.
The results of the study indicate that the choice of terminology cannot be explained by journalistic expedience and conciseness alone.
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Média, Langage, Terminologie, Attitude, Etude comparative, Homme, Israël, Asie, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Media, Language, Terminology, Attitude, Comparative study, Human, Israel, Asia, Canada, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0253986
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 16/11/1999.