One hundred ninety-nine patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty and used in hospital pneumatic compression stockings and aspirin as thromboembolic prophylaxis were screened for deep venous thrombosis using duplex ultrasonography on the fourth postoperative day.
Of the initial 98 patients, 21 underwent noncemented arthroplasty, maintained touchdown weightbearing for 6 weeks after surgery, and then began progressive partial weightbearing.
Of the subsequent 101 patients, 28 underwent noncemented arthroplasty and began progressive weightbearing immediately after surgery.
All other patients underwent hybrid arthroplasty and began weighthearing to tolerance immediately after surgery.
After duplex screening examination, patients with proximal deep venous thrombosis were given anticoagulation therapy, and patients with negative study results were observed clinically.
The relative risk of proximal deep venous thrombosis after noncemented arthroplasty using delayed weightbearing was compared with that after noncemented arthroplasty using immediate progressive weightbearing.
Of patients with noncemented arthroplasty, the prevalence of proximal deep venous thrombosis was significantly lower in those using progressive weightbearing immediately after surgery (none) than in those using delayed weightbearing rehabilitation (19%). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prothèse non cimentée, Total, Hanche, Thrombose profonde, Complication, Postopératoire, Prévention, Technique, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Chirurgie orthopédique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Veine pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non cemented prosthesis, Total, Hip, Deep vein thrombosis, Complication, Postoperative, Prevention, Technique, Treatment, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Orthopedic surgery, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Venous disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0253483
Code Inist : 002B12B03. Création : 16/11/1999.