Cancers in children younger than age 16 years in Kenya.
To determine the number of cancers seen in six months in children aged below sixteen years and to look for any associations with breastfeeding, parental ages, smoking, water availability and consanguinity.
Prospective case study from June 1997 through December 1997.
Seven provincial hospitals and Kenyatta National Referral Hospital.
Both sexes with tissue proven malignancy.
By obtaining clinical information, and laboratory evaluatory results.
Main outcome measures
Proportions of vital statistics, anatomic site, stage and histology of cancer, vaccination, breastfeeding, congenital abnormality, parental vital statistics, education, smoking, water availability status and consanguinity.
One hundred and fifty seven cases were evaluated.
Male to female (M : F) ratio was 1.5 : 1. Mean ages : patients 6.5, fathers 36.6, mothers 31.1 years.
Histologic types were :
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) 45%, nephroblastoma 14%,
Hodgkin's lymphoma 9.5%, acute lymphocytic leukaemia 7.6%, retinoblastoma 5.7%, acute myeloid leukaemia 5.1%. The age distribution was as follows : 0-5 years, 46.5%, 6-10,39.5% and 11-16 years 14%. The birth places of the children were as follows : Nyanza 25%,
Rift Valley 9%,
Nairobi 8% and North Eastern had less than one per cent.
The ethnic distribution was ; Luo 25%, Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 13%, Kamba 10%, Coastal 6%, Kalenjin 6%, others 19%. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Fréquence, Association, Facteur risque, Kenya, Afrique, Histologie, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Child, Human, Adolescent, Frequency, Association, Risk factor, Kenya, Africa, Histology, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0251745
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 16/11/1999.