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  1. Cancers in children younger than age 16 years in Kenya.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine the number of cancers seen in six months in children aged below sixteen years and to look for any associations with breastfeeding, parental ages, smoking, water availability and consanguinity.

    Design 

    Prospective case study from June 1997 through December 1997.

    Setting 

    Seven provincial hospitals and Kenyatta National Referral Hospital.

    Subjects 

    Both sexes with tissue proven malignancy.

    Interventions 

    By obtaining clinical information, and laboratory evaluatory results.

    Main outcome measures 

    Proportions of vital statistics, anatomic site, stage and histology of cancer, vaccination, breastfeeding, congenital abnormality, parental vital statistics, education, smoking, water availability status and consanguinity.

    Results 

    One hundred and fifty seven cases were evaluated.

    Male to female (M : F) ratio was 1.5 : 1. Mean ages : patients 6.5, fathers 36.6, mothers 31.1 years.

    Histologic types were :

    • Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) 45%, nephroblastoma 14%,

    • Hodgkin's lymphoma 9.5%, acute lymphocytic leukaemia 7.6%, retinoblastoma 5.7%, acute myeloid leukaemia 5.1%. The age distribution was as follows : 0-5 years, 46.5%, 6-10,39.5% and 11-16 years 14%. The birth places of the children were as follows : Nyanza 25%,

    • Central 21%,

    • Eastern 16%,

    • Western 13%,

    • Rift Valley 9%,

    • Coast 8%,

    • Nairobi 8% and North Eastern had less than one per cent.

    The ethnic distribution was ; Luo 25%, Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 13%, Kamba 10%, Coastal 6%, Kalenjin 6%, others 19%. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Fréquence, Association, Facteur risque, Kenya, Afrique, Histologie, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Child, Human, Adolescent, Frequency, Association, Risk factor, Kenya, Africa, Histology, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0251745

    Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 16/11/1999.