This article reports the prevalence of, and trends, in driving after drinking and riding in a car with a driver who has been drinking among American high school seniors, based on data from more than a decade (1984-1997) of annual national surveys.
Methods Logistic regressions were used to assess the effects of demographic factors (gender, region of country, population density, parental education, and race/ethnicity) and selected « lifestyle » factors (religious) commitment, high school grades, truancy, illicit drug use, evenings our per week. and miles driven per week).
Rates of adolescent driving after drinking and riding with a driver who had been drinking declined significantly from the mid-1980s to the early or mid-199os, but the declines leave not continued in recent years, Rates of driving or riding after dr inking were highr among high school seniors who are male, White, living in the western and northeastern tegions of the United States, and living in rura areas.
Truancy, number of evenings out, and illicit drug use all related significantly positively with the dependent variables, whereas grade point average and relis gious ccommitment had a negative relationship Miles driven per week related positively to driving after drinking.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Adolescent, Homme, Etudiant, Sexe, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Conduite véhicule, Prise risque, Variation géographique, Milieu rural, Tendance, Recommandation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Adolescent, Human, Student, Sex, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Vehicle driving, Risk taking, Geographical variation, Rural environment, Trend, Recommendation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0246973
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 16/11/1999.