A prospective study of egg consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease in men and women.
Context Reduction in egg consumption has been widely recommended to lower blood cholesterol levels and prevent coronary heart disease (CHD).
Epidemiologic studies on egg consumption and risk of CHD are sparse.
Objective To examine the association between egg consumption and risk of CHD and stroke in men and women.
Design and Setting Two prospective cohort studies, the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-1994) and the Nurses'Health Study (1980-1994).
Participants A total of 37 851 men aged 40 to 75 years at study outset and 80 082 women aged 34 to 59 years at study outset, free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, or cancer.
Main Outcome Measures Incident nonfatal myocardial infarction, fatal CHD, and stroke corresponding to daily egg consumption as determined by a food-frequency questionnaire.
Results We documented 866 incident cases of CHD and 258 incident cases of stroke in men during 8 years of follow-up and 939 incident cases of CHD and 563 incident cases of stroke in women during 14 years of follow-up.
After adjustment for age, smoking, and other potential CHD risk factors, we found no evidence of an overall significant association between egg consumption and risk of CHD or stroke in either men or women.
The relative risks (RRs) of CHD across categories of intake were less than 1 per week (1.0), 1 per week (1.06), 2 to 4 per week (1.12), 5 to 6 per week (0.90), and >=1 per day (1. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation alimentaire, Oeuf, Analyse quantitative, Accident cérébrovasculaire, Cardiopathie coronaire, Incidence, Etude comparative, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adulte, Homme, Personne âgée, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Food intake, Egg, Quantitative analysis, Stroke, Coronary heart disease, Incidence, Comparative study, Risk factor, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Adult, Human, Elderly, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0246915
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.