Assessing environmental exposure to PCBs among mohawks at Akwesasne through the use of geostatistical methods.
Health Conference'97 - Great Lakes/St. Lawrence. Montréal, PQ, CAN, 1997/05/12.
The Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne is a Native American community located along the St.
Lawrence River in New York State, Ontario, and Quebec.
One component of a multiphase human health study was to assess the impact of different pathways of human exposure resulting from the off-site migration of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination in this area.
This paper illustrates how mapped residential information and environmental sampling data can be united to assist in exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies using geographic information system (GIS) technology and statistical methods.
A proportional sampling scheme was developed to collect 119 surface soils.
Using a method of cross validation, the average estimated error can be computed and the best estimator can be selected.
Seven spatial methods were examined to estimate surface soil PCB concentrations ; the lowest relative mean error was 0.42% for Inverse 3 nearest neighbor weighted according to the inverse distance, and the highest relative mean error was 4.4% for Voronoi polygons.
Residual plots indicated that all methods performed well except near some of the sampling points that formed the outer boundaries of the sampling distribution.
Mots-clés Pascal : Biphényle(polychloro), Pollution sol, Santé et environnement, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Canada, Homme, Amérindien, Méthode étude, Validation croisée, Géostatistique, Evaluation, Exposition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Polychlorobiphenyl, Soil pollution, Health and environment, United States, North America, America, Canada, Human, Amerindian, Investigation method, Cross validation, Geostatistics, Evaluation, Exposure
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0245334
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 16/11/1999.