This study estimated weight gain after smoking cessation and identified factors attenuating this gain.
We conducted a prospective follow-up of 1209 male factory workers for 2 to 4 years.
The independent variables were smoking habits, age, sports activity, education, alcohol consumption, ethnicity, duration of follow-up, and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) at entry.
The dependent variable was increase in BMI during follow-up.
The mean age-adjusted BMI at entry into the study was 26.6 kg/m2. among past smokers and 25.4 kg/m2 among current smokers.
There were no differences in BMI between those who quit less than 3 years before entry and those who quit more than 6 years before entry.
During follow-up, the average increase in BMI was 0.07 kg/m2 among never smokers, 0.19 kg/m2 among smokers who had stopped smoking before ent y, 0.24 kg/m2 amon g current smokers, and 0.99 kg/m2 among those who stopped smoking after entry.
Cessation of smoking after entry predicted an increased gain in BMI ; older age, a higher BMI at entry, sports activity, and alcohol consumption attenuated this gain.
Conclusi ons The increased rate of weight gain after smoking cessation is transiont.
However, the weight gained is relained for at least 6 years.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Homme, Travailleur, Sevrage, Estimation, Prise poids, Obésité, Indice masse corporelle, Israël, Asie, Epidémiologie, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Human, Worker, Weaning, Estimation, Weight gain, Obesity, Body mass index, Israel, Asia, Epidemiology, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0245240
Code Inist : 002B22B. Création : 16/11/1999.