The US armed forces adopted zero tolerance'policies concerning illicit drug use in 1980 and later developed policies to discourage tobacco and alcohol abuse, This article examines drug use among young active-duty recruits both before and after enlistment. compared with non-military age-mates, and documents historical shifts in such drug use across 2 decades.
Analyses employed longitudinal panel data from - 20 nationally representative samples of high school seniors (cohorts of 1976-1995) each surveyed just before graduation and again within 2 years.
Separate analyses for men (n=12 082) and women (n=15 345) contrasted Those who entered military service, college, and civilian employment Results Illicit drug use deolined more among young military recruits than among their civilian counterparts.
Analyses of male recruits at multiple time periods showed (1) declines in the prevalence of marijuana use and cocaine and after the intiiation of tine military drug testing and (2) lower proportions of smokers of half a pack or more of cigarette s per day who entered service after the initlation of tobacco bean during base training.
Recent Recent military drug policies appear to deter illicit drug use among enlistees and discourage some smokers from enilsting.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Drogue illicite, Homme, Sexe, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Evaluation, Tendance, Recrutement, Militaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Illicit drug, Human, Sex, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Evaluation, Trend, Recruitment, Military
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0245234
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 16/11/1999.