To describe the relationship between self-reported visual and hearing impairment and an index of global functional status among seniors age 70 years or older.
A total of 7,320 United States community-dwelling persons aged 70 years or older participating in the 1993 Assets and Health Dynamics of the Oldest Old Survey (AHEAD) completed detailed questionnaires about their demographic, socioeconomic, and health status.
Multivariate analyses of functional status (using a global index of functional status based on self-reported limitations in 11 activities) were conducted, controlling for demographic and socioeconomic status and common medical conditions, as well as independently for hearing and vision.
Of the respondents, 27% rated their vision as fair or poor, whereas 25% rated their hearing as fair or poor.
Controlling for demographic factors, socioeconomic status, medical conditions, and general health status, limitations in both vision and hearing correlated independently with worsened functional status.
Controlling for income, wealth, and education did not greatly reduce the strength of the association between visual and hearing impairment and function.
Visual and hearing impairment appear to have a significant relationship to overall functioning in the oldest old, regardless of income or wealth. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Acuité visuelle, Surdité, Autoperception, Questionnaire, Statut socioéconomique, Etat sanitaire, Bien être, Personne âgée, Homme, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Visual acuity, Hearing loss, Self perception, Questionnaire, Socioeconomic status, Health status, Well being, Elderly, Human, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Eye disease, Vision disorder, ENT disease, Auditory disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0235457
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.