Occupational dermatoses in composite production.
In a plant that produces fiber-resin composite by impregnation of cellulose fibers with phenol-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins, a new technique was introduced that resulted in problems in the handling of uncured products.
Many workers suffered dermatitis on areas of exposed skin.
A primary investigation found that some workers had an occupationally related skin disease with contact allergy to work materials.
We undertook a survey of occupational dermatoses, based on a questionnaire, clinical examination, and patch test with a standard series and a series of products and chemicals representing the work Eight environment.
Eighty-eight workers participated in the clinical investigation.
In six workers, contact allergy to phenol-formaldehyde resin was seen, and in five workers, contact allergy to melamine-formaldehyde resin was noted.
Two workers were allergic to both resins.
Occupational dermatitis was diagnosed in nine of 88 (10.2%) workers.
In this article, we discuss possible preventive measures for avoiding occupational dermatitis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Résine phénolique, Allergie, Mélamine résine, Dermatite contact, Industrie chimique, Homme, Toxicité, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Phenolic resin, Allergy, Melamine resin, Contact dermatitis, Chemical industry, Human, Toxicity, Immunopathology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0235454
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 16/11/1999.