The ethnic differences in the incidence, pathophysiology and management of hypertensive disease, are particularly pertinent to the Black or Afro-Caribbean populations, who have a high prevalence of hypertension and associated complications, such as strokes and renal impairment.
Our understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of hypertensive disease and the optimal treatment of hypertension in Black patients continues to evolve, especially with the introduction of new drugs and the need for prognostic data in this ethnic population.
We review the management of hypertensive disease in the black population, emphasizing race-related differences in the pathophysiology of hypertension and the importance of tailored management in this group of patients, including sensible application of non-pharmacological measures with effective antihypertensive agents.
For example, diuretics and calcium antagonists are suitable first-line agents in black hypertensives, whilst beta-blockers and the ACE inhibitors tend to be less effective at lowering blood pressure, due to the low renin state in these patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Négroïde, Etiopathogénie, Stratégie, Traitement, Homme, Article synthèse, Royaume Uni, Europe, Recommandation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk factor, Negroid, Etiopathogenesis, Strategy, Treatment, Human, Review, United Kingdom, Europe, Recommendation, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0235095
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 16/11/1999.