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  1. Interactions between physical and psychosocial risk factors at work increase the risk of back disorders : an epidemiological approach.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives-To investigate the possible interactions between physical and psychosocial risk factors at work that may be associated with self reported back disorders.

    Methods-891 of 1514 manual workers, delivery drivers, technicians, customer services computer operators, and general office staff reported risk factors at work and back disorders with a self administered questionnaire (59% return rate).

    Of the 869 respondents with a valid questionnaire, 638 workers were classified in to one of four exposure groups :

    • high physical and high psychosocial ;

    • high physical and low psychosocial ;

    • low physical and high psychosocial ;

    • and low physical and low psychosocial.

    Low physical and low psychosocial was used as an internal reference group.

    The exposure criteria were derived from existing epidemiological publications and models for physical and psychosocial work factors.

    The frequency and amplitude of lifting and the duration spent sitting while experiencing vibration were used as physical exposure criteria.

    Ordinal values of mental demands, job control, and social support from managers and coworkers were used as psychosocial exposure criteria.


    The highest increase in risk was found in the high physical and high psychosocial exposure group for symptoms of back disorders. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Condition travail, Dorsalgie, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Etude cohorte, Homme, Interaction, Activité professionnelle, Rachis dorsal, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie, Charge physique, Facteur psychosocial, Système musculosquelettique pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Working condition, Dorsalgia, Risk factor, Evaluation, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Cohort study, Human, Interaction, Professional activity, Dorsal spine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia, Musculoskeletal disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0234069

    Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 16/11/1999.