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  1. Work characteristics predict psychiatric disorder : prospective results from the Whitehall II study.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives-The impact of work on the risk of future psychiatric disorder has been examined in few longitudinal studies.

    This was examined prospectively in a large epidemiological study of civil servants.

    Methods-In the Whitehall II study, a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of 6895 male and 3413 female London based civil servants, work characteristics measured at baseline (phase 1 : 1985-8) and first follow up (phase 2 : 1989) were used to predict psychiatric disorder measured by a 30 item general health questionnaire (GHQ) at phase 2 and phase 3 follow up (phase 3 : 1991-3).

    Work characteristics and GHQ were measured at all three phases.


    Low social support at work and low decision authority, high job demands and effort-reward imbalance were associated with increased risk of psychiatric disorder as assessed by the GHQ at follow up adjusting for age, employment grade, and baseline GHQ score.

    Conclusions-Social support and control at work protect mental health while high job demands and effort-reward imbalance are risk factors for future psychiatric disorder.

    Intervention at the level of work design, organisation, and management might have positive effects on mental health in working populations.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Fonctionnaire, Facteur risque, Condition travail, Santé mentale, Trouble psychiatrique, Etude cohorte, Etude longitudinale, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Santé, Homme, Evaluation, Psychologie travail

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Civil servant, Risk factor, Working condition, Mental health, Mental disorder, Cohort study, Follow up study, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Health, Human, Evaluation, Occupational psychology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0233666

    Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 16/11/1999.