Disclosure of researcher contributions : A study of original research articles in The Lancet.
Authorship disputes and abuses have increased in recent years.
In response to a proposal that researcher contributions be specified for readers, The Lancet began disclosing such contributions at the end of original articles.
To analyze the descriptions researchers use for their contributions and to determine how the order of names on the byline corresponds to these contributions, whether persons listed on the byline fulfill a lenient version of the criteria for authorship specified by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (the Vancouver Group), and whether the contributions of persons listed as contributors overlap with the contributions of those who are acknowledged.
A taxonomy of researchers'contributions was developed and applied to researchers'self-reported contributions to original research articles published in The Lancet from July to December 1997.
Contributors lists occupied little page space (mean, 2.5 cm of column length).
Placement on the byline did not indicate the specific category of task performed, although the first-contributor position corresponded to a significantly greater number of contributions (mean numbers of contributions : first-contributor position, 3.23 ; second-contributor position, 2.51 ; third-contributor position, 2.20 ; and fourth-contributor position, 2.51) (p<0.01). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Recherche scientifique, Article, Critère décision, Communication information, Auteur, Secret, Faisabilité, Homme, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Organisation santé, Lancet
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scientific research, Article, Decision criterion, Information communication, Author, Secrecy, Feasibility, Human, Canada, North America, America, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0233644
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 16/11/1999.