A cross-sectional survey of staff of the New South Wales Department of Agriculture for prior exposure to Q fever was conducted using the complement fixation test, indirect immunofluorescent antibody test, a delayed hypersensitivity skin test, a standard questionnaire, and a supplemental history, with the aim being to determine the proportion of employees that have been in contact with Q fever and the jobs that pose the greatest risk of exposure to the disease.
Of 829 employees, 89 (10.7%) tested positive, with those handling livestock being more likely to have been exposed to Q fever than employees in low-risk occupations.
This difference reached statistical significance (P<0.01) when employees with other risk factors for exposure to Q fever were excluded.
Veterinarians, stock inspectors, and regulatory officers had the highest risk of previous exposure.
This study confirms that Q fever is a disease related to occupations that involve handling livestock, and it provides a basis upon which to promote vaccination of agricultural workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident travail, Médecine travail, Agriculture, Contamination biologique, Risque infectieux, Fièvre Q, Rickettsiose, Rickettsialose, Bactériose, Infection, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsieae, Rickettsiaceae, Rickettsiales, Bactérie, Evaluation, Facteur risque, Homme, Activité professionnelle, Séropositivité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational accident, Occupational medicine, Agriculture, Biological contamination, Infectious risk, Q fever, Rickettsial infection, Rickettsialosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsieae, Rickettsiaceae, Rickettsiales, Bacteria, Evaluation, Risk factor, Human, Professional activity, Seropositivity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0233058
Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 16/11/1999.