Experimental systems were developed in two laboratories for measuring the sampling efficiency of personal inhalable aerosol samplers in low air movement environments, using sedimenting aerosols.
The sampling efficiencies of four types of personal inhalable or total dust sampler were measured : the samplers chosen were the IOM sampler, the GSP conical inhalable sampler, the UK seven-hole sampler and the 37 mm closed face sampling cassette.
Isolated samplers or manikin-mounted samplers were slowly rotated in an aerosol chamber, whilst mounted in orientations similar to those in which they are normally used for personal sampling.
Measurements were made using nine aluminium oxide test aerosols with aerodynamic diameter values ranging from 6 to 90 mum.
Reference concentrations in the aerosol chamber were measured using slowly circling sharp-edged probes with matched forward and aspiration velocities, to simulate isokinetic sampling.
Sampling efficiencies for the IOM, GSP and seven-hole samplers measured using this system were generally higher than wind tunnel results previously reported at an external wind speed of 0.5 m s-1.
For the 37 mm sampler the results were generally loner than the previous wind tunnel results.
Measurements made with the samplers mounted on the torso of the manikin showed positional differences in sampling efficiency, but the average sampling efficiencies were similar whether the samplers were on or off the manikin. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Aérosol, Milieu professionnel, Inhalation, Echantillonneur, Portatif, Mouvement air, Faible, Appareillage, Etude comparative, Efficacité, Aluminium oxyde, Mannequin, Voie respiratoire, Etude expérimentale, Hygiène travail, Médecine travail, Appareil respiratoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aerosols, Occupational environment, Inhalation, Sampler, Portable, Air motion, Low, Instrumentation, Comparative study, Efficiency, Aluminium oxide, Dummy, Respiratory tract, Experimental study, Occupational hygiene, Occupational medicine, Respiratory system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0231463
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 16/11/1999.