Background This is the first report of results from the EURODEP Programme.
Aims To assess the prevalence of depression judged suitable for intervention in randomised samples of those aged >= 65 in nine European centres.
Results Differences in prevalence are apparent.
8.8% (Iceland) to 23.6% (Munich).
When sub-cases and cases are added together, five high-and four low-scoring centres emerge.
Women predominated over men.
Proportions of sub-cases to cases revealed striking differences but did not explain prevalence.
There was no constant association between prevalence and age.
A meta-analysis (n=13 808) gave an overall prevalence of 12.3%, 14.1% for women and 8.6% for men.
Conclusions Considerable variation occurs in the levels ofdepression across Europe, the cause for which is not immediately obvious.
Case and sub-case levels taken together show greater variability, suggesting that it is not a matter of case/sub-case selection criteria, which were standardised by computer.
Substantial levels of depression are shown but 62-82% of persons had no depressive level.
Opportunities for treatment exist.
Declaration of interest The European Commission BIOMED I initiative funded this Concerted Action Programme.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Personne âgée, Homme, Prévalence, Répartition géographique, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Elderly, Human, Prevalence, Geographic distribution, Europe, Epidemiology, Mental health, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0229945
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 16/11/1999.