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  1. Depression in Europe : Geographical distribution among older people.

    Article - En anglais

    Background This is the first report of results from the EURODEP Programme.

    Aims To assess the prevalence of depression judged suitable for intervention in randomised samples of those aged >= 65 in nine European centres.

    Method The GMS-AGECAT package

    Results Differences in prevalence are apparent.

    8.8% (Iceland) to 23.6% (Munich).

    When sub-cases and cases are added together, five high-and four low-scoring centres emerge.

    Women predominated over men.

    Proportions of sub-cases to cases revealed striking differences but did not explain prevalence.

    There was no constant association between prevalence and age.

    A meta-analysis (n=13 808) gave an overall prevalence of 12.3%, 14.1% for women and 8.6% for men.

    Conclusions Considerable variation occurs in the levels ofdepression across Europe, the cause for which is not immediately obvious.

    Case and sub-case levels taken together show greater variability, suggesting that it is not a matter of case/sub-case selection criteria, which were standardised by computer.

    Substantial levels of depression are shown but 62-82% of persons had no depressive level.

    Opportunities for treatment exist.

    Declaration of interest The European Commission BIOMED I initiative funded this Concerted Action Programme.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Personne âgée, Homme, Prévalence, Répartition géographique, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Trouble humeur

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Elderly, Human, Prevalence, Geographic distribution, Europe, Epidemiology, Mental health, Mood disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0229945

    Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 16/11/1999.