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  1. Review of community prevalence of depression in later life.

    Article - En anglais

    Background Despite considerable interest, there is no consensus regarding the prevalence ofdepression in later life.

    Aims To assess the prevalence of late-life depression in the community.

    Method A systematic review of community-based studies ofthe prevalence ofdepression in later life (55+). Literature was analysed by level of caseness at which depression was defined and measured.

    Results Thirty-four studies eligible for inclusion were found.

    The reported prevalence rates vary enormously (0.4-35%). Arranged according to level of caseness, major depression is relatively rare among the elderly (weighted average prevalence 1.8%), minor depression is more common (weighted average prevalence 9.8%), while all depressive syndromes deemed clinically relevant yield an average prevalence of 13.5%. There is consistent evidence for higher prevalence rates for women and among older people living under adverse socio-economic circumstances.

    Conclusions Depression is common in later life.

    Methodological differences between studies preclude firm conclusions about cross-cultural and geographical variation.

    Improving the comparability ofepidemiological research constitutes an important step forward.

    Declaration of interest The European Commission BIOMED I Initiative funded this Concerted Action Programme.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Personne âgée, Homme, Prévalence, Article synthèse, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Communauté, Trouble humeur

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Elderly, Human, Prevalence, Review, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Mental health, Community, Mood disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0229643

    Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 16/11/1999.