Annual Meeting of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association. New Orleans, LA, USA, 1998/05/03.
To develop and pilot test a telephone-based survey instrument that enables parents to identify and characterize the body region and severity of childhood injuries using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scoring system.
A prospective cross-sectional survey.
The emergency department of an urban, tertiary care, pediatric trauma center.
One hundred forty-seven parents of children younger than 18 years and seen in the emergency department for acute treatment of an unintentional injury.
The degree of agreement, measured as sensitivity, specificity, and K statistic, between medical record information and parents'responses to the telephone survey regarding the identification and characterization of clinically significant (AIS >=2) injuries.
The survey, known as the Injury Severity Assessment Survey/Parent Report, was developed via a systematic review of the AIS 1990 manual.
Answers to questions were developed in a way that enabled automated coding of responses into AIS scores or ranges of scores.
The sensitivity of the survey (its ability to detect injuries scoring 2 or more on the AIS that were documented in the medical record) varied somewhat by the body region of injury, ranging from 88% for head, face, neck, and spine injuries to 95% for extremity injuries.
Intermediate sensitivity (92%) was noted for the detection of significant chest and abdomen injuries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Indice gravité, Localisation, Parent, Entretien, Téléphone, Echelle évaluation, Evaluation performance, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Severity score, Localization, Parent, Interview, Telephone, Evaluation scale, Performance evaluation, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227495
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.