Development and validation of the Injury severity assessment Survey/Parent report : A new Injury severity assessment survey.
Annual Meeting of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association. New Orleans, LA, USA, 1998/05/03.
To develop and pilot test a telephone-based survey instrument that enables parents to identify and characterize the body region and severity of childhood injuries using the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scoring system.
A prospective cross-sectional survey.
The emergency department of an urban, tertiary care, pediatric trauma center.
One hundred forty-seven parents of children younger than 18 years and seen in the emergency department for acute treatment of an unintentional injury.
Main Outcome Measure
The degree of agreement, measured as sensitivity, specificity, and K statistic, between medical record information and parents'responses to the telephone survey regarding the identification and characterization of clinically significant (AIS >=2) injuries.
The survey, known as the Injury Severity Assessment Survey/Parent Report, was developed via a systematic review of the AIS 1990 manual.
Answers to questions were developed in a way that enabled automated coding of responses into AIS scores or ranges of scores.
The sensitivity of the survey (its ability to detect injuries scoring 2 or more on the AIS that were documented in the medical record) varied somewhat by the body region of injury, ranging from 88% for head, face, neck, and spine injuries to 95% for extremity injuries.
Intermediate sensitivity (92%) was noted for the detection of significant chest and abdomen injuries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Indice gravité, Localisation, Parent, Entretien, Téléphone, Echelle évaluation, Evaluation performance, Enfant, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Severity score, Localization, Parent, Interview, Telephone, Evaluation scale, Performance evaluation, Child, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227495
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 16/11/1999.