In 1996, public outcry over shortened hospital stays for new mothers and their infants led to the passage of a federal law banning « drive-through deliveries. » This recent round of brief postpartum stays is not unprecedented.
During World War II, a baby boom overwhelmed maternity facilities in American hospitals.
Hospital births became more popular and accessible as the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program subsidized obstetric care for servicemen's wives.
Although protocols before the war had called for prolonged bed rest in the puerperium, medical theory was quickly revised as crowded hospitals were forced to discharge mothers after 24 hours.
To compensate for short inpatient stays, community-based services such as visiting nursing care, postnatal homes, and prenatal classes evolved to support new mothers.
Fueled by rhetoric that identified maternal-child health as a critical factor in military morale, postpartum care during the war years remained comprehensive despite short hospital stays.
The wartime experience offers a model of alternatives to legislation for ensuring adequate care of postpartum women.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accouchement, Soin, Postpartum, Temps, Hospitalisation, Sortie hôpital, Evolution, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Politique sanitaire, Système santé, Article synthèse, Gestation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Delivery, Care, Puerperium, Time, Hospitalization, Hospital discharge, Evolution, Evaluation, Human, Female, Health policy, Health system, Review, Pregnancy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227393
Code Inist : 002B20G01. Création : 16/11/1999.