In 2 successive decades since 1967, legal accommodation of abortion has grown in many countries.
The objective of this study was to assess whether liberalizing trends have been maintained in the last decade and whether increased protection of women's human rights has influenced legal reform.
A worldwide review was conducted of legislation and judicial rulings affecting abortion, and legal reforms were measured against governmental commitments made under international human rights treaties and at United Nations conferences.
Since 1987,26 junsdictions have extended grounds for lawful abortion, and 4 countries have restricted grounds.
Additional limits on access to legal abortion services include restrictions on funding of services, mandatory counseling and reflection delay requirements, third-party authorizations, and blockades of abortion clinics.
Progressive liberalization has moved abortion laws from a focus on punishment toward concern with women's health and welfare and with their human rights.
However, widespread maternal mortality and morbidity show that reform must be accompanied by accessible abortion services and improved contraceptive care and information.
Mots-clés Pascal : Avortement provoqué, Indication, Législation, Aspect juridique, Aspect social, Evolution, Homme, Femelle, International, Revue bibliographique, Gestation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Induced abortion, Indication, Legislation, Legal aspect, Social aspect, Evolution, Human, Female, International, Bibliographic review, Pregnancy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227392
Code Inist : 002B20A03. Création : 16/11/1999.