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  1. Fulltext. International developments in abortion law from 1988 to 1998.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    In 2 successive decades since 1967, legal accommodation of abortion has grown in many countries.

    The objective of this study was to assess whether liberalizing trends have been maintained in the last decade and whether increased protection of women's human rights has influenced legal reform.

    Methods

    A worldwide review was conducted of legislation and judicial rulings affecting abortion, and legal reforms were measured against governmental commitments made under international human rights treaties and at United Nations conferences.

    Results

    Since 1987,26 junsdictions have extended grounds for lawful abortion, and 4 countries have restricted grounds.

    Additional limits on access to legal abortion services include restrictions on funding of services, mandatory counseling and reflection delay requirements, third-party authorizations, and blockades of abortion clinics.

    Conclusions

    Progressive liberalization has moved abortion laws from a focus on punishment toward concern with women's health and welfare and with their human rights.

    However, widespread maternal mortality and morbidity show that reform must be accompanied by accessible abortion services and improved contraceptive care and information.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Avortement provoqué, Indication, Législation, Aspect juridique, Aspect social, Evolution, Homme, Femelle, International, Revue bibliographique, Gestation

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Induced abortion, Indication, Legislation, Legal aspect, Social aspect, Evolution, Human, Female, International, Bibliographic review, Pregnancy

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0227392

    Code Inist : 002B20A03. Création : 16/11/1999.