Most of the national policy debate regarding welfare assumed that if middle-income mothers could balance work while caring for their children's health and development, mothers leaving welfare for work should be able to do so as well.
Yet, previous research has not examined the conditions faced by mothers leaving welfare for work.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this study examined the availability of benefits that working parents commonly use to meet the health and developmental needs of their children : paid sick leave, vacation leave, and flexible hours.
In comparison with mothers who had never received welfare, mothers whod had been on Aid to Families with Dependent Children were more likely to be caring for at least 1 child with a chronic condition (37% vs 21%, respectively).
Yet, they were more likely to lack sick leave for the entire time they worked (36% vs 20%) and less likely to receive other paid leave or flexibility.
If current welfare recipients face similar conditions when they return to work, many will face working conditions that make it difficult or impossible to succeed in the labor force at the same time as meeting their children's health and developmental needs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Activité professionnelle, Parent, Santé, Développement psychomoteur, Charge travail, Horaire travail, Flexibilité, Programme, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Aménagement temps travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional activity, Parent, Health, Psychomotor development, Workload, Working time table, Flexibility, Program, Evaluation, Child, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227368
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.