This study investigated the associations between ischemic stroke risk and passive exposure to cigarette smoking.
Risk factors among 452 hospitalized cases of first-episode ischemic stroke were compared with 452 age-and sex-matched « neighborhood » controls.
The risk of stroke was twice as high for subjects whose spouses smoked as for those whose spouses did not smoke (95% confidence interval=1.3,3.1), after adjustment for the subject's own smoking, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and education level.
These results were confirmed when analysis was limited to those who never smoked.
These findings provide evidence that spousal smoking may be a significant risk factor for ischemic stroke.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident cérébrovasculaire, Tabagisme passif, Exposition, Tabac, Milieu familial, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Etude cas témoin, Australie, Océanie, Toxicité, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stroke, Passive smoking, Exposure, Tobacco, Family environment, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Case control study, Australia, Oceania, Toxicity, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227338
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 16/11/1999.