To compare playground hazards in high-and low-income neighborhoods.
Forty-five playgrounds were randomly selected from the 9 New York City community districts that met our study criteria and were divided into high-and low-income groups based on comparison to the median of the median incomes (S24452 per year) of the 9 districts.
Playgrounds are maintained by the City of New York Parks and Recreation Department and were assessed by one of us (S.A.S.) using a standardized on-site survey based on the US Consumer Product Safety Commission's guidelines for public playground safety.
Total hazards per play area were subdivided into 3 categories : park design hazards. equipment maintenance hazards, and equipment hazards relating to fall injuries.
A play area was defined as an individual set of equipment.
Twenty-five (56%) of the parks were located in low-median-income districts and contained 98 (53%) of the total play areas.
High-and low-income playgrounds did not differ significantly in the amount or type of equipment, mean fall injury hazards per play area, or mean park design hazards per play area.
Low-income districts had a significantly higher mean total hazards per play area (6. 1 vs 4.2 ; P=02) and mean equipment maintenance hazards per play area (2.1 vs 1.0 ; P=02).
Significantly more hazards per play area were identified in the low-income group compared with the high-income group.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Accident corporel, Risque, Milieu scolaire, Cour intérieure, Statut socioéconomique, Variation géographique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Etude comparative, New York, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Cour de récréation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Personal injury, Risk, School environment, Courtyard, Socioeconomic status, Geographical variation, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Comparative study, New York, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0227224
Code Inist : 002B30B02C. Création : 16/11/1999.