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  1. Perception of risk, sexual behaviour and STD/HIV prevalence in Western Kenya.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To determine the feasibility and acceptability of collecting data on sexual practices, knowledge, attitudes and perception of risk with regard to HIV and STD infection in two clinic populations.

    Design 

    A cross sectional survey carried out between June and July 1992.

    Setting 

    An urban and a rural health centre in western Kenya.

    Subjects 

    One hundred and sixty women attending Maternal Child Health (MCH) and Family Planning Clinics (FP).

    Interventions 

    Screening STDs including N. gonorrhoea, C. trachomatis, T. vaginalis and syphilis.

    In addition subjects were interviewed about sexual practices, knowledge, attitudes and perception of risk with regard to HIV and STD infection.

    Results 

    The presence of any STD including HIV was detected in 36.2% of women at the urban clinic and 21.2% of women at the rural clinic.

    The demographics of the two populations were similar with respect to age but were significantly different for several variables including marital status, ethnicity and education.

    Knowledge ofSTDs and HIV was nearly universal in both clinic populations with>96% of patients being aware of the existence of such diseases. 76.3% of women at the urban clinic felt they could get an STD as compared to 48.8% at the rural clinic (p<0.02).

    This awareness of vulnerability among the urban populaiton was also seen for HIV. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Perception, Facteur risque, Comportement sexuel, Kenya, Afrique, Entretien, Femelle, Homme, Prévalence, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexually transmitted disease, Perception, Risk factor, Sexual behavior, Kenya, Africa, Interview, Female, Human, Prevalence, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0223520

    Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 16/11/1999.