Variation in physical fitness between ethnic groups in nine year olds.
Background There is little information on cardio-respiratory fitness of children, especially in ethnic minorities in Britain.
In this study we assess the associations of social factors, ethnicity, parental health related factors, child's anthropometry, blood pressure and cholesterol measurements with cardio-respiratory fitness.
Methods Power output against load at 85% of the maximum heart rate (PWC85%), was measured, using a cycle-ergometer test, in children aged 8-9 years in 22 randomly selected areas in England, 14 in Scotland and in 20 inner city areas in England.
The subjects were 317 boys and 310 girls from the English sample, 152 boys and 140 girls from the Scottish sample and 242 boys and 261 girls from the inner city sample.
Results Short stature (P<0.001), fatness (P<0.001), and Indian subcontinent origin (OR=0.34,95% CI : 0.16,0.68 in boys and OR=0.22,95% CI : 0.12,0.40 in girls) were associated with inability to finish the test.
In those who finished the test PWC85% was greater in taller children and in those with lower skinfold values (P<0.001, except height in boys P=0.017).
The PWC85% in those originating in the Indian continent was lower (-0.17 watt/kg, 95% CI : - 0.32. - 0.01 in boys and - 0.29,95% CI : - 0.43, - 0.14 in girls) than in white children.
Conclusions Shorter and obese children have poorer physical fitness than other children.
Physical fitness is lower in children originating in the Indian subcontinent than other British children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fonction respiratoire, Appareil circulatoire, Ethnie, Statut socioéconomique, Biométrie corporelle, Pression artérielle, Cholestérolémie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Appareil respiratoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lung function, Circulatory system, Ethnic group, Socioeconomic status, Corporal biometry, Arterial pressure, Cholesterolemia, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Respiratory system
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0223381
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.