This study was part of the effort of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee to evaluate the epidemiology of asthma and allergic diseases around the world.
Three thousand and fifty eight randomly selected children aged 13-14 years were studied, using a standard questionnaire developed and field tested by the ISAAC Steering Committee, to establish the prevalence and severity of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic eczema.
Of the 3,058 children, there were 1,659 (54.3%) females and 1,399 (45.7%) males (F : M ratio 1.2 : 1).
The cumulative prevalence rates of wheezing, rhinitis other than common cold, and symptoms of eczema were 16.4%, 54.1% and 26.1%, respectively while within the immediate 12-month period, the rates were 10.7%, 45.2% and 22.4%, respectively.
However, rhinitis associated with itchy eyes (allergic rhinoconjunctivitis) was reported by 39.2% of the school children.
The prevalence of doctor-diagnosed asthma was 18.4%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that a higher prevalence of wheezing and rhinitis was associated with itchy eyes.
The prevalence of severe symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were higher when compared with a similar study in Kenya.
However, the prevalence of symptoms of asthma was lower and that of allergic rhinoconjuctivitis higher in our series. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Rhinopharyngite, Allergie, Eczéma, Atopie, Prévalence, Enfant, Homme, Nigéria, Afrique, Questionnaire, Analyse statistique, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Rhinopharyngitis, Allergy, Eczema, Atopy, Prevalence, Child, Human, Nigeria, Africa, Questionnaire, Statistical analysis, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0223155
Code Inist : 002B06C05. Création : 16/11/1999.