Over the past several decades, Latin America underwent rapid urbanization, a demographic shift led by women.
Women now make up almost half of the economically active population and the feminization of urban poverty is being reported as well.
The majority of men and women now work in unregulated, unorganized « informal » and nontraditional industries and services lacking occupational and environmental regulations.
There is a marked paucity of health studies examining possible hazardous exposures, especially where gender-based social etiologies are concerned.
This is true even in concentrated industries such as manufacturing assembly plants and in potentially hazardous occupations in mining and nontraditional agricultural exports, for which data from other disciplines are available and raise serious concerns.
The need to ensure enough jobs at sufficient levels of income to alleviate poverty will remain a major challenge at the turn of the century and the environmental health implications of doing so could be far-reaching.
What data are available and, more strikingly, the paucity of published epidemiologic studies warrant deep concern and support calls for urgent, multidisciplinary research into the health effects of the combined, multiple assaults of hazardous industrial waste, inadequate water and sewage treatment, and occupational exposures. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé et environnement, Epidémiologie, Homme, Sexe, Amérique Latine, Amérique, Environnement social, Exposition professionnelle, Milieu rural, Mine, Féminisation, Femelle, Femme, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health and environment, Epidemiology, Human, Sex, Latin America, America, Social environment, Occupational exposure, Rural environment, Mine, Feminization, Female, Woman, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0222757
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.