Epidemiology of child deaths due to drowning in Matlab, Bangladesh.
Background Although the recent decline in child mortality in Bangladesh is remarkable, death from causes other than infectious diseases and malnutrition remains an important component of child mortality.
Death from drowning of children can be expected to be a problem in Bangladesh given the geographical features of the country.
Objective The objectives of this study are to determine the trend, pattern, and correlates of drowning deaths.
Methods Data are presented on deaths of children (1-4 years) due to drowning derived from a longitudinal, population-based surveillance system in operation in a rural area of Bangladesh in 1983-1995.
Moreover, a case-control study was carried out to identify the risk factors associated with drowning.
Results Deaths due to drowning ranged from about 10% to 25% of child deaths during 1983-1995.
The absolute risk of dying from drowning remained almost the same over the study period but the proportion of drownings to all causes of death has increased.
Drowning is especially prevalent in the second year of life.
Age of the mother and parity have a significant impact on drowning.
The risk of dying from drowning increases with the age of mother and much more sharply with the number of living children in the family.
Two socioeconomic variables did not have an influence on the risk of drowning.
Conclusions A substantial proportion of child deaths could be averted if parents and other close relatives paid more attention to the safety of children. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Noyade, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Evolution, Enfant, Homme, Bengla Desh, Asie, Accident corporel
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drowning, Epidemiology, Mortality, Risk factor, Evolution, Child, Human, Bangladesh, Asia, Personal injury
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0222681
Code Inist : 002B27B08. Création : 16/11/1999.