Attempted suicide : Do we understand the patients'reasons ?
This explorative study compared the patients'doctors'and nurses'views regarding their attribution of reasons for attempting suicide and the patients'emotional state immediately preceding their suicide attempts.
A sample of 30 out of 94 consecutive patients seen in the emergency room of University Hospital were examined shortly after they had attempted suicide.
Immediately after the routine clinical interview, conducted by a psychiatric resident and a nurse, patients filled in a questionnaire giving 14 possible reasons for attempting suicide as well as 8 feelings characterizing the emotional state preceding the suicide attempt.
In the meantime, and without prior discussion of the case, the resident and the nurse independently completed the same questionnaire.
In addition, sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained.
Intrapersonal reasons such as to get relief from a terrible state of mind or from an unbearable situation were most frequently chosen by patients, nurses, and doctors alike.
The most striking difference was found for « loss of control » : this item was chosen significantly more often by patients than by nurses and doctors.
Accordingly, patients reported significantly more often feelings of anxiety/panic and emptiness (mental vacuum), whereas feelings of despair and powerlessness/hopelessness were mentioned most frequently by nurses and doctors. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tentative suicide, Suicide, Personnel sanitaire, Attribution, Attitude, Santé mentale, Etude comparative, Médecin, Infirmier, Suisse, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide attempt, Suicide, Health staff, Attribution, Attitude, Mental health, Comparative study, Physician, Nurse, Switzerland, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0222351
Code Inist : 002B18H02. Création : 16/11/1999.