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  1. Social fears and social phobia in a community sample of adolescents and young adults : prevalence, risk factors and co-morbidity.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    The paper describes prevalence, impairments, patterns of co-morbidity and other correlates of DSM-IV social phobia in adolescents and young adults, separating generalized and non-generalized social phobics.

    Methods

    Data are derived from the baseline investigation of the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP), a prospective longitudinal community study of 3021 subjects, aged 14-24.

    Diagnoses were based on the DSM-IV algorithms of an expanded version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview.

    Results

    Lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV/CIDI social phobia was 9.5% in females and 4.9% in males, with about one-third being classified as generalized social phobics.

    Twelve-month prevalence was only slightly lower, indicating considerable persistence.

    Respondents with generalized social phobia reported an earlier age of onset, higher symptom persistence, more co-morbidity, more severe impairments, higher treatment rates and indicated more frequently a parental history of mental disorders than respondents with non-generalized social phobia.

    Conclusions

    History of DSM-IV social phobia was found to be quite prevalent in 14-24 year-olds.

    The generalized subtype of social phobia was found to have different correlates and to be considerably more persistent, impairing and co-morbid than non-generalized social phobia. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Phobie sociale, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Sexe, Allemagne, Europe, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune, Trouble anxieux

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social phobia, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Sex, Germany, Europe, Adolescent, Human, Young adult, Anxiety disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0222124

    Code Inist : 002B18C08C. Création : 16/11/1999.