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  1. Spinal injuries in skiers and snowboarders.

    Article, Communication - En anglais

    Canadian Academy of Sports Medicine annual meeting. Vernon, BC, CAN, 1996/03.

    Spinal injuries are among the most devastating injuries associated with recreational sports.

    Snowboarding spinal injury patterns have not been described.

    During two seasons (1994 to 1995 and 1995 to 1996), 34 skiers and 22 snowboarders suffered serious spinal injuries (fracture or neurologic deficit or both) at two ski areas in British Columbia, Canada.

    Ski patrol records, the Provincial Trauma Database, and hospital records were reviewed.

    Injury rates were based on computerized lift-ticket data and a population estimate of 15% snowboarders (ski patrol observation).

    The incidence of spinal injury among skiers was 0.01 per 1000 skier-days, and among snowboarders was 0.04 per 1000 snowboarder-days.

    Mean age was 34.5 years for skiers and 22.4 years for snowboarders.

    Seventy percent of the skiers were men, whereas all of the snowboarders were men.

    Jumping (intentional jump>2 meters) was the cause of injury in 20% of skiers and 77% of snowboarders.

    Neither age nor sex accounted for any significant portion of this difference.

    The rate of spinal injuries among snowboarders is fourfold that among skiers.

    Although jumping is the primary cause of injury, it is an intrinsic element of snowboarding.

    Until research defines effective injury-prevention strategies, knowledge of the risk of snowboarding should be disseminated and techniques for safe jumping should be taught.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Rachis, Association, Sport, Etude comparative, Ski, Epidémiologie, Surfing sur neige, Incidence, Symptomatologie, Adulte jeune, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Spine, Association, Sport, Comparative study, Skiing, Epidemiology, Snowboarding, Incidence, Symptomatology, Young adult, Human, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0218840

    Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 16/11/1999.