In about 50% of cases, osteonecrosis of the femoral head is known to occupy more than one site.
There is controversy as to whether a single focus may increase in size.
We have reviewed 606 consecutive femoral heads which had been surgically removed for osteonecrosis.
Extension of osteonecrosis was observed in only two (0.3%) and was confirmed histopathologically by the enlargement of the necrotic segment beyond the repair zone formed for the primary necrosis into the adjacent, previously uninvolved bone.
In both cases, the necrotic regions were wedge-shaped and occupied over 80% of the femoral head.
It appears that an increase in size is extremely rare and that osteonecrosis is due to a single event.
Our findings may be of value in assessing the use of joint-salvage procedures for osteonecrosis of the femoral head.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ostéonécrose aseptique, Tête fémorale, Extension, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Symptomatologie, Histopathologie, Exploration, Homme, Fémur, Membre inférieur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aseptic osteonecrosis, Femoral head, Extension, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Symptomatology, Histopathology, Exploration, Human, Femur, Lower limb, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0218642
Code Inist : 002B15B. Création : 16/11/1999.