Since 1990 about 5000 cases of lung cancer and nearly 1000 cases of extrapulmonary cancers among former workers from the WISMUT uranium mining facilities in East Germany have been submitted to the German associations responsible for the recognition of occupational diseases and the subsequent compensation of workers.
In this paper, the general methods and the models for retrospective estimation of the radiation exposure received by these workers, and for the determination of the attributable cancer risk are briefly outlined.
With respect to lung cancer among uranium miners, inhalation of the short-lived radon progenies proves to be by far the most important component of exposure, For the determination of the attributable risk of extrapulmonary cancers, however, the inhalation of natural uranium contained in ore dust particles has, in addition, to be taken into account.
Analysis indicates that under certain exposure conditions also leukemia, bone and liver cancer, as well as cancers in the oral cavity and larynx may prove to be of some importance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiocontamination, Mineur, Uranium, Radioisotope, Equivalent dose, Dose rayonnement, Tumeur maligne, Risque, Epidémiologie, Exposition professionnelle, Rayonnement ionisant, Radon, Homme, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive contamination, Minor, Uranium, Radioisotope, Dose equivalent, Radiation dose, Malignant tumor, Risk, Epidemiology, Occupational exposure, Ionizing radiation, Radon, Human, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0218618
Code Inist : 002A08F03. Création : 16/11/1999.