Natural rubber latex (NRL) allergy has attained world-wide importance with the diagnosis of glove hypersensitivity, contact urticaria, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma and anaphylaxis.
In the present report, the latest literature of the epidemiology of NRL allergy is reviewed, an account on the incidence of NRL allergy (19 new cases of contact urticaria/100,000 workers per year) among health care workers is given and the prevention of NRL allergy is discussed.
Among health care workers, NRL allergy has gained prominence particularly with the spread of AIDS and an increase in the use of rubber gloves for barrier protection.
For screening NRL allergy, a simple and quick test based on a self-administered questionnaire has been presented, but it needs further evaluation before routine use can commence.
Further analytic studies will show if the use of low allergen gloves reduces the incidence of NRL allergy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie professionnelle, Médecine travail, Latex, Allergie, Gant, Epidémiologie, Revue bibliographique, Prévention, Diagnostic, Prévalence, Activité professionnelle, Incidence, Homme, Personnel sanitaire, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational disease, Occupational medicine, Latex, Allergy, Glove, Epidemiology, Bibliographic review, Prevention, Diagnosis, Prevalence, Professional activity, Incidence, Human, Health staff, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0212101
Code Inist : 002B06C04. Création : 16/11/1999.