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  1. Defining excess resource utilization and identifying associated factors for trauma victims.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Trauma system evaluation addresses aspects of the process, structure, and outcomes of trauma care.

    This approach may not identify all opportunities for trauma system improvement.

    Hospital length of stay (LOS) represents a meaningful measure of resource utilization and may help focus efforts to improve care.

    The purpose of this study is to estimate expected hospital LOS after trauma and determine the consequences of excessive LOS.

    Methods 

    Patients admitted during a 2-year period (January 1,1993 to December 31,1994) were retrospectively reviewed, and expected LOS was estimated.

    Excess LOS was defined as an observed LOS >= 100% of expected.

    Injuries, complications, and American College of Surgeons'Committee on Trauma audit filters were compared between the groups.

    Results 

    Observed LOS exceeded expected by 100% or more for 568 of 5,226 patients (10.9%), and most survived (98.3%). Complications predicted excess LOS, whereas audit filters did not.

    Median costs for these 568 patients were $30,315 and totaled 30% of the expenditures for the entire cohort of 5,226 patients.

    Conclusion 

    Prolonged LOS represents an adverse outcome.

    Estimation of LOS and evaluation of outliers represents an important method for the evaluation of care within established trauma systems and centers.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Modalité traitement, Hospitalisation, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Complication, Pronostic, Analyse coût efficacité, Homme, Durée hospitalisation

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Application method, Hospitalization, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Complication, Prognosis, Cost efficiency analysis, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0208180

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.