Perceptions of soil-eating and anaemia among pregnant women on the Kenyan coast.
After a clinical study at Kilifi District hospital had shown a high prevalence of geophagy among pregnant women, and a strong association of geophagy, anaemia and iron depletion, 52 pregnant women from the same hospital, and 4 traditional healers from the surroundings of Kilifi in Kenya were interviewed on the topic of soil-eating and its perceived causes and consequences.
The findings were substantiated by results from an earlier anthropological study on maternal health and anaemia in the same study area.
Most of the pregnant women (73%) ate soil regularlv.
They mainly ate the soil from walls of houses, and their estimated median daily ingestion was 41.5 g. They described soil-eating as a predominantly female practice with strong relations to fertility and reproduction.
They made associations between soil-eating, the condition of the blood and certain bodily states : pregnancy, lack of blood (upungufu wa damu), an illness called safura involving weak'blood, and worms (minyolo).
The relationships the women described between soil-eating and illness resemble to some extent the causalities explored in biomedical research on soil-eating, anaemia and intestinal worm infections.
However the women did not conceptualise the issue in terms of the single causal links characteristic of most scientific thought.
Instead, they acknowledged the existence of multiple links between phenomena which they observed in their own and other women's bodies. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Anémie, Sidéropénie, Anémie ferriprive, Géophagie, Terre, Calcaire, Gestation, Alimentation, Ingestion, Représentation sociale, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Femelle, Entretien, Kenya, Afrique, Toxicité, Santé et environnement, Hémopathie, Ethnologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anemia, Sideropenia, Iron deficiency anemia, Geophagia, Earth, Limestone, Pregnancy, Feeding, Ingestion, Social representation, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Female, Interview, Kenya, Africa, Toxicity, Health and environment, Hemopathy, Ethnology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0206658
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 16/11/1999.