The study reports a gradient in adhering to a recommended health behavior-mammography screening.
Data were collected on 951 Israeli women, aged 50-74, who were mailed an invitation to a prescheduled mammography screening appointment and were later phone interviewed about their background, their other health behaviors and their health perceptions related to cancer, mammography and self-rated health.
The main finding that emerged was a gradient consisting of three groups defined by their adherence to mammography screening : women who declined the invitation to undergo screening (nonattenders, 32%), women who attended a screening upon encouragement (attenders, 45%) and women who initiatcd the test on their own (self-screenees, 23%). This gradient was shown to be related to structural/background variables (e.g. SES, age, education, ethnicity), other health behaviors and perceptual variables related to health in general and to cancer.
For example, self-screenees were of a higher SES, engaged in more health behaviors and were closer to other women who performed a mammography.
An analysis carried out to discern where the difference between the three groups lied showed that it was more apparent between the self-screenees and attenders, and that the attenders and nonattenders were more similar to each other.
These findings are discussed in terms of health behavior as a discrete phenomenon vs. reflecting a lifestyle. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mammographie, Dépistage, Comportement, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Israël, Asie, Indicateur, Evaluation, Homme, Femelle, Prévention, Radiodiagnostic, Glande mammaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mammography, Medical screening, Behavior, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Israel, Asia, Indicator, Evaluation, Human, Female, Prevention, Radiodiagnosis, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0206653
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 16/11/1999.