Antecedents and consequences of work-home interference among medical residents.
A cross-sectional field study is reported in which a comprehensive model of work-home interference (WHI) was developed and tested among 166 medical residents of an academic hospital in the Netherlands.
It was hypothesized that WHI functions as a critical mediating pathway in the relationship between work and home characteristics on the one hand, and work-related and general psychological health indicators on the other.
The results revealed that one home characteristic and three work characteristics put pressure on the interface between the work and home life, that is, (1) having a spouse who works overtime frequently, (2) an unfavorable worktime schedule, (3) a high quantitative workload and (4) a problematic dependency on the superior.
The results further showed that WHI was positively associated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization (i.e. work-related health indicators), as well as with psychosomatic health complaints and sleep deprivation (i.e. general hcalth indicators).
More importantly, the results strongly supported our basic hypothesis that WHI mediates the impact of some work and home characteristics on psychological health indicators.
This seems to be particularly true for the general health indicators : none of the home and work characteristics just mentioned, had a direct impact on these general indicators, independent of WHI. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Activité professionnelle, Charge travail, Vie privée, Médecin, Interne(étudiant), Bien être psychologique, Difficulté psychologique, Indicateur, Interférence, Stress, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Personnel sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional activity, Workload, Private life, Physician, Resident(student), Psychological well being, Psychological difficulty, Indicator, Interference, Stress, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Health staff
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0206648
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 16/11/1999.