A review and critique of models of disability is presented, tracing the development of frameworks and classificatory instruments (International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps) over the past 20 years.
While the'social'model is now universally accepted, it is argued that universalism as a model for theory development, research and advocacy serves disabled persons more effectively than a civil rights or'minority group'approach.
The development of the revised International Classification (ICIDH-2) is discussed in this light.
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Classification, Modèle, Evaluation, Etude comparative, Homme, Revue bibliographique, International
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Classification, Models, Evaluation, Comparative study, Human, Bibliographic review, International
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0206503
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 16/11/1999.