A unitary environmental classification of water-and excreta-related communicable diseases is presented, which comprises seven categories :
Feco-oral waterborne and water-washed diseases ;
non-feco-oral water-washed (skin and eye) diseases ;
water-based diseases (bacterial and fungal, as well as helminthic) ;
insect-vector diseases ;
and rodent-vector diseases.
The global burden of some of these diseases in 1990 is reviewed.
Water-and excreta-related diseases were responsible for 2,700,000 deaths in that year (5.3% of all deaths) and for the loss of 93,200,000 disability-adjusted life years (6.8% of all DALYs).
Almost all these deaths and loss of DALYs occurred in developing countries (99.9 and 99.8%, respectively).
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution eau, Contamination, Toxicité, Homme, Maladie, Epidémiologie, Pays en développement, Classification, Source pollution, Déjection, Fèces, Bactériose, Infection, Parasitose, Virose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Water pollution, Contamination, Toxicity, Human, Disease, Epidemiology, Developing countries, Classification, Pollution source, Excreta, Feces, Bacteriosis, Infection, Parasitosis, Viral disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0206094
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 16/11/1999.