Acute health effects associated with nonoccupational pesticide exposure in rural El Salvador.
Little is known about the health effects of nonoccupational pesticide exposure in agricultural communities of poor countries.
Therefore, this study investigated acute symptoms associated with nonoccupational exposure to organophosphate insecticides (OPs) in rural El Salvador, a region known for intensive pesticide use.
In the five communities studied, 2-week prevalences of several acute symptoms were associated with living with a farmer who had recently applied methyl parathion.
These included cramps in limbs (odds ratio 2.1,95% confidence interval 1.2-3.7), chest pressure (OR 2.3,95% CI 1.3-4.0), change in defecation (OR 2.3,95% CI 1.3-4.1), feeling dazed (OR 2.4,95% CI 1.3-4.4), and eyes tearing (OR 2.5,95% CI 1.4-4.5).
Associations were found regardless of whether the individuals reporting the symptoms had themselves performed field labor.
These results suggest that living in areas where pesticides are used on crops may represent an environmental health concern, especially for children.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organophosphoré, Pesticide, Toxicité, Agriculteur, Homme, Milieu familial, Salvador, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Pays en développement, Enfant, Exposition, Non professionnel, Polluant, Environnement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organophosphorus compounds, Pesticides, Toxicity, Farmer, Human, Family environment, El Salvador, Central America, America, Developing countries, Child, Exposure, Non occupational, Pollutant, Environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0202895
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 16/11/1999.