The prevalence of alexithymia in primary care patients.
The aim of this study was to describe how the scores of the test designed to measure alexithymia were distributed in this primary care outpatient population.
We also wanted to examine the relationship of alexithymia to sociodemographic variables and personality traits. 450 consecutive patients at the Primary Health Care Centre ; were asked to voluntarily complete an inventory consisting of several scales designed to test alexithymia and somatisation as well as general personality traits.
The prevalence of alexithymia as measured using the Schalling Sifneos Personality Scale (SSPS) was 20.0% (men 28%, women 12%). Alexithymia was significantly associated with higher age, having a lower educational background, living alone but having more children.
The personality traits associated with SSPS scores were Suspicion and Distance.
High grade SSPS scores were also associated with high scores on Somatic Anxiety, Psychastenia, and Irritability and with low scores for socialisation (p<0.01).
The conclusions reached regarding prevalence rate, age, sex and education are consistent with other findings.
When data was analyzed as continuous variables, high grade scores for alexithymia became significantly associated with Somatic Anxiety, Psychastenia, Irritability as well as low grade reability to socialise.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alexithymie, Soin santé primaire, Ambulatoire, Suède, Europe, Epidémiologie, Homme, Personnalité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alexithymia, Primary health care, Ambulatory, Sweden, Europe, Epidemiology, Human, Personality
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0201836
Code Inist : 002A26N03B. Création : 16/11/1999.