On 6 May 1995, the Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) coordinator in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), received a request for assistance for what was believed to be a concurrent outbreak of bacillary dysentery and viral hemorrhagic fever (suspected Ebola hemorrhagic fever [EHF]) in the town of Kikwit, DRC.
On 11 May, the MSF intervention team assessed Kikwit General Hospital.
This initial assessment revealed a nonfunctional isolation ward for suspected EHF cases ; a lack of water and electricity ; no waste disposal system ; and no protective gear for medical staff.
The priorities set by MSF were to establish a functional isolation ward to deal with EHF and to distribute protective supplies to individuals who were involved with patient care.
Before the intervention, 67 health workers contracted EHF ; after the initiation of control measures, just 3 cases were reported among health staff and none among Red Cross volunteers involved in body burial.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus Ebola, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Fièvre hémorragique Ebola, Virose, Infection, Homme, Transmission homme homme, Prévention, Isolement, Service hospitalier, Congo(République démocratique), Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ebola virus, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Transmission from man to man, Prevention, Isolation, Hospital ward, Congo(Democratic republic), Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0200350
Code Inist : 002B05C02I4. Création : 16/11/1999.