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  1. Interventions to control virus transmission during an outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever : Experience from Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1995.

    Article - En anglais

    On 6 May 1995, the Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) coordinator in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), received a request for assistance for what was believed to be a concurrent outbreak of bacillary dysentery and viral hemorrhagic fever (suspected Ebola hemorrhagic fever [EHF]) in the town of Kikwit, DRC.

    On 11 May, the MSF intervention team assessed Kikwit General Hospital.

    This initial assessment revealed a nonfunctional isolation ward for suspected EHF cases ; a lack of water and electricity ; no waste disposal system ; and no protective gear for medical staff.

    The priorities set by MSF were to establish a functional isolation ward to deal with EHF and to distribute protective supplies to individuals who were involved with patient care.

    Before the intervention, 67 health workers contracted EHF ; after the initiation of control measures, just 3 cases were reported among health staff and none among Red Cross volunteers involved in body burial.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Virus Ebola, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Fièvre hémorragique Ebola, Virose, Infection, Homme, Transmission homme homme, Prévention, Isolement, Service hospitalier, Congo(République démocratique), Afrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ebola virus, Filovirus, Filoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Transmission from man to man, Prevention, Isolation, Hospital ward, Congo(Democratic republic), Africa

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0200350

    Code Inist : 002B05C02I4. Création : 16/11/1999.